National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute” strives to be at the forefront of open science. In order to accelerate and improve the implementation of research results and their impact on society, the Academic Council of the University approved the Open Science Policy on 01.11.2022.
Open Science covers a variety of practices, primarily open access to publications, open research data, open workflows, open source software/tools, citizen science, open educational resources and open peer review, etc.( European Commission’s Open Science Platform)
Open science is a new approach to scientific research. Research results are made publicly available to other users at the earliest possible stage. It changes the way researchers communicate with each other and interact with society at large. Open science contributes to the reliability and self-correction of science. Open access to evidence-based knowledge is also key to the social and global impact of universities.
The European University Association actively supports universities in the transition to open science, working closely with the EU Open Science Expert Group. The Association identifies three key areas of open science:
- universal and permanent open access to scientific results in a fair ecosystem of scientific publications;
- searchable, interoperable and reusable (FAIR) research data;
- institutional approaches to research evaluation (EUA Open Science Agenda 2025).
The broad international academic open access movement promotes free online access to scholarly information such as publications and data. Open means that anyone can freely access, use, modify, and share, at most subject to requirements for preservation of provenance and openness. This does not affect the freedom of authors to choose where to publish or the right not to publish. There are two main ways to make publications open:
1) self-archiving through a repository;
2) publication in a journal under an open access license.
This is an umbrella term for a number of ways in which peer review models can be adapted to meet the goals of Open Science. Its two main features are “open identities,” where both authors and reviewers are aware of each other’s identities (i.e., not blind), and “open reports,” where review reports are published with the corresponding article.
Data that complies with the FAIR principles (findability, accessibility, interoperability, and reusability for both humans and machines) can be fully open in the sense that anyone can freely use, modify, and share it for any purpose. However, FAIR does not necessarily mean “open”. Publicly funded research data should be as open and closed as necessary.
The primary purpose of the Research Data Policy is to guide everyone involved in the management of research data to become familiar with current data management requirements and to adopt good and responsible practices as part of their day-to-day research activities. The University is committed to improving the quality of research and strives to achieve a level of research data management that meets the highest standards in the context of international research. Another goal is to make research data management more understandable to individual researchers.
Various stakeholders (government, citizens, industry, social institutions, etc.) rely on high-quality research to build knowledge. It is the personal responsibility of everyone involved in research to act with academic integrity and in accordance with ethical and legal standards. Research integrity ensures the trust of the general public and society in science.
Citizen science is the active involvement of non-professional scientists in research. Citizen science allows research projects to use large and diverse data sets collected by citizens, to utilize their experience and knowledge; it strengthens the interaction between universities and society.Specific examples of involving society in developing research questions, conducting research, and communicating results include
- citizen science, in which citizens are actively involved in collecting data for research (e.g., the National Horticultural Census);
- Crowdsourcing, where citizens are involved in the processing of research data (e.g., through Zooniverse).
Achievements in the implementation of open science practices (in particular, open access to publications and data, contribution to open peer review, development of open educational resources) are taken into account when concluding contracts, promotion and tenure.
Open learning environments and content create new models of learning and support educational accessibility and lifelong learning. The University supports faculty in adopting and adapting teaching and learning methods through open education. The support includes training and consultations on the use of open educational resources, tools and infrastructure for sharing or reusing educational materials.
Open Educational Resources (OER) are materials for learning, teaching, and research in any format and setting.
Making software code available so that it can be used or developed by other researchers is one of the areas of open science. In particular, open source software is used for repositories and open publishing.
European Commission – Directorate-General for Research and Innovation, (2016). Open Innovation, Open Science, Open to the World: A Vision for Europe. Brussels, BE: Publications Office of the European Union.
FOSTER is an e-learning platform that brings together the best learning resources for those who need to learn more about open science or develop strategies and skills to implement open science practices in their daily workflows
Open Science Training Handbook – a training manual on open science
Open Science MOOC – to help students and researchers acquire the skills necessary to succeed in the modern research environment