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Structure of a scientific article

he most popular structure of a scientific article is based on the IMRAD principle

Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion – international format of scientific articles

Each article has a distinct structure:

  • Title
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Introduction
  • Methods
  • Results And
  • Discussion
  • Conclusions
  • References

Title – cclearly outlines the main objective of the article, beggining with the research subject and capturing the reader’s attention.

Abstractconcisely reflects the contents of the article, including the research goals, main aspects, methods, and results. It should be highly informative and somewhat provocative to capture a reader’s interest.

Keywordsthe list of primary terms in the article.

Introduction (І) – outlining the key problem and hypotheses. The Introduction should address the question: What is already known about the research subject? What do we know? What will we consider in this specific article?

Methods (М) – description of specific methods and materials used in the research process, description of all factors that influenced the obtained results.

Results (R) – a key section of an article, presenting specific theses and arguments. It is appropriate to include tables and figures in this section.

Discussion (D) – providing answers to the following questions: Was the research objective achieved? What is the significance of the results? Could the results have practical applications? Which questions remain unanswered?

Conclusions – answers to the questions: Did you achieve the aim of the research? What is the significance of the results? Could the results have practical application? Which questions left without answers?

The scientific article is concluded with a list of all the  sources used.


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